4 Enlightenment from the Book of Minimalist Living Art

Do you believe it, instead of the more things you have, make you more relieve? More and more excess goods can even reduce the level of satisfaction. At least that’s what I learned from Francine Jay, in her book, Minimalist Living Art. Four lessons struck me from Jay, including:

“The things we have do not reflect ourselves.”

The above thought certainly seems very contradictory to what advertisements like today are echoing. Several items are now being sold to impress others – or to manifest our self-image in our shadow.
An example of a car, any vehicle can help us go from point A to point B. Why are some people willing to pay double or even triple the price for this type of luxury car?
The answer, because car manufacturers spend huge funds on advertising agencies to make sure that our vehicles we have ‘form a cool image’!

“Fewer items = more freedom.”

The joy that we initially felt, slowly faded due to the burden of care and maintenance that we bear. We think we never have enough time; maybe our things are the cause.

How many hours have been wasted going to the garage for motorcycle service; How many times do you use holidays to repair and maintain goods?


We feel we never have enough time; maybe our things are the cause.
Now, try to imagine life with only half of the things we have today. We will be relieved and comfortable! Hard work and worries were reduced by half. There will be less obligation to clean, maintain, repair, and of course to pay credit card debt!
The result: more money, time, and energy! Moreover, you can maintain your time and energy by getting more money from playing poker in https://yukpokeronline.net. By playing poker game, you can get more fun many high prizes will awaits for you!

“After our basic needs are met, our happiness is no longer determined by the number of items we have.”

The Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu said, “Those who feel that they have enough are rich.” “Fair Enough” standards are different for each person. But, according to the dictionary, “Fair Enough” means “can meet the needs or satisfy the desires, no less.” Once all the basic needs are met, our happiness is no longer determined by the number of goods we have.
After moving from this point on, the satisfaction we get from consuming goods outside of basic needs will decline rapidly. In economics, there is the term “saturation point.” Excessive products can reduce our pleasure level.
If we can see that our lives are sufficient and can appreciate what we already have, we will not want anything else.

“Live humble so that others can live.”

Imagine, in this world; we live with more than seven billion other people. Our space and resources are limited. How can we guarantee there is enough food, water, land, and energy for the present and future inhabitants of the earth? The step is by using sufficient resources and not be wasteful.

If we are wasteful, we may sacrifice the rights of others, both now and in future generations. We may not be extravagant, but for others — maybe the ‘more’ things that belong to us can be the determinant of life and death.

When Football Is Combined With Famous Artist Style Paintings

Football is an art. A British artist named John Myatt realized it. Andres Iniesta, Steven Gerrard, Arjen Robben, Andrea Pirlo, and Cristiano Ronaldo, who have their own stories in their football careers, are depicted in streaks of paint on canvas.

Myatt created Gerrard, Iniesta, Robben, Ronaldo, and Pirlo, with paintings inspired by historical paintings. He imitated the style of paintings of famous artists such as Vincent van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro.

Using the iconic face as the basis for my painting is very pleasant. “Of course we often see the talent of soccer players like Ronaldo and Gerrard on TV screens, but I have never seen their faces plastered on paintings like this before,” Myatt said in the launch of his painting on Sky Sport 5.

Quite interesting, Myatt’s idea. I wonder what the results will be like?

Here are five paintings that are the work of John Myatt and the stories behind the paintings:

Steven Gerrard a la Sir Joshua Reynolds

Sir Joshua Reynolds was a prominent painter in the mid-1700s. King George III knighted him in 1769.

In 1766 he painted General John Burgoyne. Burgoyne is synonymous with thinking and slow movements that made him and his troops captured in the American revolutionary war. To commemorate the turning point of the great war, Historian Edmund Morgan described the moment.

Then why is Gerrard described as General Burgoyne? There is a link between the incident on 27 April in which the Liverpool captain slipped, which made the Chelsea striker, Demba Ba, get an open opportunity that finally scored to give Chelsea victory. The defeat made Liverpool fail to win the title of the champion who has been coveted since 1990.

Not only that, but some parties also put Gerrard as the party that made Uruguay able to win the match when Uruguay met England in the World Cup group stage. Gerrard is wrongly anticipating the ball so that the ball leads to Uruguay striker Luis Suarez. Suarez then scored the decisive goal for Uruguay’s win over England. Identical to what General Burgoyne did in the past.

Arjen Robben a la Vincent van Gogh

Initially, many people struggled why Vincent van Gogh’s painting was pinned to Arjen Robben. Van Gogh is known as a painter who lost one of his ears. Some revealed that Van Gogh deliberately cut off his ear, but then some said van Gogh lost his ear due to a fight with his friend, who was a French artist, Albert Gauguin.

The Daily Telegraph writer Rupert Hawksley then related this to balance. He writes: To be able to stand on your feet, you need to maintain balance. And your ears must have something to do with maintaining balance.

BBC also reveals things that are not much different, and In your ear, there is a labyrinth of bone space called a labyrinth of bones. This section is divided into three parts. One part, known as your cochlea, is responsible for hearing. The other two, to maintain the balance of other organs.

Then the relationship with Robben? It seems that the purpose of the balance above is to associate with Robben, who often cannot maintain his balance until he is diving.

Andres Iniesta by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso is a Spanish artist known as a 20th-century revolutionary painter. That description seems to be enough reason why Andres Iniesta was painted in the style of Picasso’s paintings.

Andrea Pirlo by Leonardo Da Vinci

Leonardo Da Vinci’s paintings often incorporate the playful side and hidden meaning in each of his works. Mona Lisa’s smile, which is her best work, is often described as a painting of a woman who has a mysterious expression.

If Da Vinci is from Italy, then who is the most mysterious Italian footballer? Who else if not Andrea Pirlo. On and off the pitch, Pirlo doesn’t say much. His facial expression also seemed never to change. It is very difficult to guess what is in his mind. But even so, excellent bait becomes its beauty in the green field. That is why this Juventus player was canvassed in a Mona Lisa painting.

 Cristiano Ronaldo in the style of Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro

Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro is considered the master of Portuguese realism and is the most famous painter of his generation. While Cristiano Ronaldo is the best player in the world after last year won the Ballon Or. Ronaldo defeated Lionel Messi, who is also the main competitor of Ronaldo in the current era.

What is the relationship between Columbano and Ronaldo? First, Columbano is the best painter, while Ronaldo is currently the best footballer. Secondly, both Columbano and Ronaldo are Portuguese.

Art, The Psychiatric Therapy for Mental Disabilities

The limitations possessed by people with mental disabilities do not necessarily become obstacles to their artistic creativity. Art, in their case, can be a medium of psychiatric therapy in addition to being a medium of expression.

“Previously, they had to be distinguished from those who truly had talent from those who had no talent but had the energy to channel their frustrations,” said Nova Riyanti Yusuf, as a psychiatrist in the ‘Pioneering Indonesian Brut Art Network’ discussion.

Nova said that painting for people with mental disabilities or psychiatric problems could be an opportunity to express emotions moreover if those with limited psychic abilities are unwilling or able to express it directly.

Children or people with mental disabilities have limited psychological and social functions. However, the causes and implications of these deficiencies cannot be explained.

Some that are classified as mental disabilities are difficult to control emotions and social and mental retardation or with a weak brain capture. Schizophrenia or disruption of thought processes and emotional responses also include mental disabilities.

“Doctors do not necessarily understand how he feels, because sometimes to hurry home and do not need to check again, they will say they have not heard a disturbing where, for example. So what can be done (as distribution) is by painting,” Nova said.

According to Nova, interestingly, not only as a medium of expression, the artwork of people with mental disabilities has a value that is not inferior to those with conditions in general.

“I agree that the work of the disabled is eagerly awaited because it is not just a matter of work, but there is a statement in it,” Nova said.

“Work is not something strange; even writing people is now easy. But what is different, people with disabilities give a sense of their work. Besides talent, there is a deep sense of things that they cannot express,” she said.

Another positive value from issuing expressions through art was expressed by the companion of persons with disabilities at the Hadiprana Art Center, Timotheus Warsito. According to her, painting can help her students be more focused and train the motor system.

Timothius admitted, during their time, she helped train many children who already have talent in the field of painting. She often gets recommendations from parents or teachers of children who appear to have talent in the field of painting.

Her job is to see the recommended artistic talents of each child and then help direct and explore these talents as a potential and one of the psychiatric therapies.

“(Painting) is very effective to help focus training, motor training is also more subtle and also from the communication that conveyed their ideas into better paintings,” said Timothius, who claimed to have taught hundreds of children.

5 Most Expensive Paintings in the World, One of them is Leonardo da Vinci’s Painting

Many works by renowned painters in the world of his work end up being the most expensive paintings when marketed or entered the auction hall. Leonardo da Vinci’s works are considered to be the most expensive paintings, reaching Rp 6.3 trillion.

For people who do not understand enough about the value of a work of art must be wondering what is special about a painting where the price reaches trillions of rupiahs. Even though that kind of money can be used to do thousands of other more enjoyable jobs.

For examples, such as making a home purchase, collecting a car, or even traveling abroad. Compared to merely looking at a painting at a location that seems boring. Which one do you choose?

Painting has its charm for its fans, meaning in a complicated process to many factors, the price of a painting can be too expensive. Whoever drew also contributed to the selling value.

These are the 5 most expensive paintings in the world!

Interchange, Willem de Kooning

Next in the second place is a painting by a Dutch-American man, Willem de Kooning, named Interchange, which was created in 1955. This abstract image is inspired by his environment while living in New York. The David Geffen Foundation was marketed at Rp 4.2 trillion in 2015 and was successfully brought back by billionaire Kenneth C. Griffin.

Nafea Faa Ipoipo, Paul Gauguin

Completed in 1892 by Paul Gauguin, this painting tells the story of two indigenous women in the country of Tahiti. The meaning of the name of this picture is “When Do You Want to Get Married?”. Again, people from Qatar who successfully bought it have the name Sheikha Al-Mayassa, equivalent to Rp 2.9 trillion.

Salvator Mundi, Leonardo da Vinci

Quoted from Work and Money, the painting named Salvator Mundi was painted by the familiar painter Leonardo da Vinci in the 1500s. The contents of this picture are the figure of the Lord Jesus, who is holding a crystal ball — successfully marketed in 2017 at Christie’s auction house in New York, United States of Rp 6.3 trillion. Just so you know the one who succeeded in bringing it home is the son of the royal kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman. How lucky?

The Card Player, Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne is a French painter who succeeded in creating the third most expensive painting, The Card Player in the 1890s. As the name suggests, this painting reflects 2 people who were playing cards. When technology hasn’t preyed on sociality, people have to find something fun when meeting be it in a cafe or restaurant. One of them is playing cards together. Just imagine if this painting was taken from present life, where you can play poker online terpercaya, of course this painting will depict two mobile phones rather than the cards itself. The owner of this picture is the Qatari royal family who bought it in 2011 with a nominal value of Rp 3.5 trillion.

Number 17A, Jackson Pollock

The last order of the most expensive paintings in the world is Number 17A by the American painter Jackson Pollock. The picture is very abstract, even included in very abstract art in the 20th century. But what puzzled billionaire Kenneth C. Griffin to buy it home with a price reaching Rp 2.8 trillion.

How do you think that the artworks are worth not entering into the most expensive arrangement of paintings in the world today? Instead of buying paintings, it’s better to invest in funds or create businesses to make them more profitable.

Let’s visit Roppongi – Japan’s First Snoopy Museum!

This time Chapmangallery will tell you to go to the Snoopy Museum, which starts on April 2016! One of the popular cartoon characters in the world is “Snoopy.” Snoopy’s funny appearance and the unique character of Charlie Brown made the story of the two liked by not a few people.

Branch of the Schulz Museum Now in Japan

The Snoopy Museum was started in April 2016 in Roppongi, Japan. The Snoopy Museum is the world’s first branch of the Schulz Museum in Santa Rosa, California, USA.

The Snoopy Museum has a gallery that exhibits products about the Snoopy character created by the creator of this character himself, namely Charles M. Schulz. Then there is the native comic gallery from this character, “Peanuts,” a gift shop that sells many original Snoopy character products, and a cafe with an open deck concept, Cafe Blanket.

This place can be accessed within a 7-minute walk from Roppongi Station and can be a resting place in the middle of a busy urban location. Before entering this museum, visitors will be welcomed by a variety of expressions from Snoopy.

These are Snoopy’s 5 bodies. This character is not enough than 3 years old. In 1953 this character was still a small dog that jogged with its four legs, but since 1997 this character began to be created standing on 2 feet and so until now.

A Valuable Original Comic Gallery

After stepping on the museum, on the left there is a cafe visitor, in the central location there is a gift shop, and on the right, there is a gallery. First, let’s watch the gallery space in front of the atrium. Here there are 4452 copies of the indigenous 3D comic art “Peanuts.”

When you approach, you will think, “Wow, this is a comic group that is not small!”. But if you take a little distance, you will meet a familiar figure from Charlie Brown and Snoopy. In the comic gallery, visitors will see an option original comic from Jean, Schulz’s wife. When watching and enjoying this historical comic in sequence, you may forget the time.

Also, there are memory objects related to Schulz and “Peanuts” like sketch drawings and hand articles.

Many Original Souvenirs Can Only Be Found Here

Next, we will take you to the BROWN’S STORE store. Here, there are so many kinds of products, like books, stationery, home appliances, and many daily necessities! Besides, there are also original Snoopy Museum products and products in collaboration with familiar brands in Japan that can be used as souvenirs to take home.

The convenience of “Cafe Blanket” That Will Make You Forget Being in Urban

If we are hungry, please come to “Cafe Blanket.” The freshness of the blue color of the table will welcome us and give off an impressive cafe atmosphere. There are many kinds of menus, one of which is the Snoopy Dish Combo (starting from 1,480 yen) which consists of a sandwich with mini corn dogs, potatoes, and peanuts butter.

Also, many kinds of dessert can be enjoyed, like a pancake and a pizza dessert, as well as drinks associated with exhibitions in the museum, namely the milkshake “My Sweet Bubble” (priced at 900 yen). There are also places to sit on the open deck that will create you have no chance that you are in the middle of the city.

Where Can I Buy Tickets?

Because visitors who are interested in experiencing the Snoopy Museum which contains a lot of the appeal of Peanuts and Snoopy’s comics is quite a lot, then you must order tickets with the specified date and time. Tickets can be purchased a maximum of 2 days before traffic on Lawson Tickets. Also, if you have time before the day of the visit, we can buy tickets for the day of traffic at the ticket sales location in this museum. Information about tickets can be seen on this website.

7 Museums in Japan That You Must Visit

When you travel to Japan, not only historical tours, habits, and shopping that you visit, but you can increase your knowledge, thereby visiting the many existing museums. Not only famous for its animation museums, but Japan also has many exciting types of museums that you can visit.

Hmm, where are the places? 

Sewerage Science Museum

This museum is one of the interesting museums in Japan because this museum presents so many types of drainage disposal. With the existence of this museum, it is hoped that it can increase interest in the importance of the water channel. This museum consists of five floors that you can explore from the basement floor. The location is currently at 1 Chome-1-53 Takami, Konohana-Ku, Osaka.

Meguro Parasite Museum

Meguro Parasite Museum is the only museum that presents many types of parasites that become one of its charms. This museum has around 4,500 species of parasites. Besides that, in this museum, there is also a souvenir shop that provides souvenirs with a parasitic theme. The location is currently at 4 Chome-1-1 Shimomeguro, Meguro, Tokyo.

Meiji University Museum of Criminal Material Department

If you like films that smell criminal, you can visit this one museum. In this museum, you will find new knowledge about the history of wickedness contained in Japan and thoroughly with the punishment. Various types of devices used to punish exist in this museum. Are you interested in seeing it?

Chinsekikan Museum

This museum is a fascinating museum located in Japan. Why is that? Yes, because this museum displays so many types of stones that are similar to people’s faces. This museum holds for 1700 stone collections that are similar to people’s faces. You will chase a stone that is similar to Elvis Presley’s face.

Tobacco and Salt Museum

Tobacco and Salt Museum has been established since 1978. In this museum, you will be treated to various types of tobacco and salt. Here you will be treated to the many types of writing and merchandise concerned with tobacco. Not only that, you can watch movies on the first floor. The location is in Jinnan 1-16-8, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Tottori Sand Museum

This museum is the only museum in the world that exhibits many types of sand sculptures with opposing themes every year. Even to create different themes, artists from all over the world were invited to participate in the making. How? Are you interested in visiting?

Shinyokohama Ramen Museum

Japan is familiar with ramen food when it has a museum. You can learn about the history of ramen growth found in Japan. This museum has two floors. You will be treated to many types of noodles, soups, toppings, and so many kinds of neatly organized bowls. The location of this museum is currently at 2 Chome-14-21 Shinyokohama, Kohoku-Ku, Yokohama.

Art Representation in Australia

There is a unique in the art that makes it have its charm compared to different things in the world. If art is identified as a form of expression; on the other hand, art can also act as entertainment. Now art is getting closer to the public with festivals, markets to parks to create a sustainable art environment.

Australia, as a country with lively cities, is known for its rich artistic environment. The existence of powerful relationships made between the environment and the public has created not a few subcultures.

Perth, Sydney, and Melbourne to become three main cities that can represent and become a benchmark for the growth of art in Australia. Thanks to a conducive environment and rich in subcultures, various festivals, galleries, and museums are unique tourist attractions to visit to witness the rapid growth of art in these three cities.

Perth

Perth Institute of Contemporary Art (PICA)

Different cities, different subcultures. If Sydney has an Australian Museum of Contemporary Art, Perth has the Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts (PICA). Located in the heart of the city and a historic building, PICA is a representative body of Perth’s arts.

The density of art saved in this location created PICA as an institution that produces various annual programs, ranging from contemporary dance, theater to interdisciplinary projects. With the main objective of promoting and supporting the art sub-speakers in Australia, this museum is useful as an incubator that can stimulate critical discussion between the public, to the point of becoming among the important elements in the growth of art and the arts community in Australia.

Rooftop Movies

The film, as an audiovisual art format, has an advantage in expressing an idea. Using storytelling and diverse cinematography, the film becomes a work of art of robust interpretation. However, despite all its complexity, the film is cool entertainment, and it is the business that is optimized by the Perth public. Using space on the roof of the building, this film screening offers entertainment options for film enthusiasts.

Apart from the ritual of watching a film which normally must be carried out in a theater or cinema where the freedom of the audience is limited, here all people can enjoy the movie with ease and the bonus of getting the sunset if it comes early. The place which starts at 6 pm local time is at the City of Perth Parking Roe Street Car Park 68 Roe St, Perth with ticket prices starting from $ AUD16 to $ AUD30.

Sydney

Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW)

As one of the first custom institutions in Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales has been established since 1871 to the extent that there are not a few artifacts that map the growth of art in Australia. Its strategic location in The Domain, Sydney, and its magnificent buildings have made it one of the places that tourists must visit when they travel to Sydney. One of the things that created this place is still impressive; one of the many other contemporary galleries in the Art After Hours event.

If galleries or museums often close at 6 or 7 pm, at Art After Hours, the public can visit the gallery until 10 pm every Wednesday. Thanks to extended opening hours, the gallery has become a place of choice for people of all ages to relax after their activities. Besides being able to see art collections, live music until workshops and film screenings are among the agenda at this location.

CarriageWorks

There is a special charm that is made in a room or industrial building. The angle created as it is the versatile building to be used as the location of the event for all walks of life. That is what made Carriageworks stand out compared to other art spaces in Sydney. As the largest multi-arts center in Australia, this location can become a “home” for a variety of contemporary art. So, not infrequently not a few art programs that carry local and international artists as a form of social reflection and differences in customs in Australia.

Using the old Eveleigh Rail Yards building on Wilson Street, it didn’t take long to find it on the map or even ask residents. Comes with a train station industrial situation with a touch of 19th-century Australian blacksmith workshop elements, and detailed bricks and scrap metal that are still preserved, this location is among the witnesses of the growth of Australian art from time to time.

Museum of Contemporary Art Australia (MCA)

Mentioning the word contemporary in its name, it is clear that this location is dedicated to introducing contemporary art to the public who want to get to know art from Australia and all the world. Strict curation and interactive programs with the public show that art now no longer has the nature of the elite or merely understood by certain parties.

Variants of works that continue to fill the exhibition slots in this museum can shift the perception of the concept of the museum in general that is synonymous with artifacts or works that are not progressive towards the times. From the thematic exhibitions, new works by emerging artists, to sculptures and new media, the museum with art deco architecture is among the main points in Sydney that are worth visiting by tourists.

Melbourne

Australian Center for Contemporary Art (ACCA)

The advantage of this gallery is that the building easily looks like a European Kunsthalle with a touch of rustic iron in copper color, and its location is only 5 minutes from the National Gallery of Victoria. As far as the eye can see, all the corners in this gallery look interesting. When stepping on the building, you will be greeted with a large room that is neatly arranged to highlight the work of the exhibition.

The exciting program here encourages the public to get to know the broad array of artists and artistic growth found in Melbourne and Australia. Supported by free public talks, workshops, and a gallery tour, there is no argument for not coming to this gallery at leisure. If we come at the right time, you can find the works of international artists on display temporarily, one of which is an artist from Beijing, He An, known for the installation of neon signage. The He An exhibition will be held until April 23, 2017.

National Gallery of Victoria (NGV)

This gallery is a premier location in Melbourne that offers magical contemporary art exhibitions. As the oldest and most visited gallery, this location often offers the best work from world-renowned visual artists, including architecture, design, fashion, dance, and even sound. Founded in 1861, NGV is now a gallery that holds an art collection of more than 70,000 works of various ages. So it’s not surprising that Melbourne is among the main cities that are rich in subcultures and the public who are eager for art.

Art in Australia is very diverse due to the wide access and culture of art that is developed between the public and the environment. The existence of these variations, making Australia the destination of choice for world art lovers, especially in 3 main cities, namely Perth, Sydney, and Melbourne. Rows of galleries, museums to folk art parties make these cities an incubator and representation of the growth of art in Australia.

7 Mosaics of Art That Are So Amazing and Moving Your Eyes

A very simple definition of mosaic art is an image or design that is built from small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. This ancient art form has been known for 600SM and has been practiced since then. I have gathered quite a few collections, for example, mosaic art that will probably function and increase your inspiration to start a job.

7 amazing mosaic arts

The Hitchcock Gallery

The Hitchcock Gallery is a series of murals on the walls of the tube station at Leytonstone, where Hitchcock appeared in 1899. There are 17 murals, each depicting scenes from different films. They were created by Greenwich Workshop Mural artists to celebrate the centenary of his birth.

Storm is Coming

Imagine when you watch this mosaic art, it feels like you are going on vacation because that’s how the life of mosaic art above! Michael Graham made this art. Not a few have appreciated the artistic work of art since its release, so little so that in the fact that he picked up this Member’s award at the Society’s 11th annual meeting of the American Mosaic Artist conference last year.

In Her Shoes

Plate glass, stained glass, and abalone create this beautiful mosaic art. Artists living in As Lin Schorr created “In Her Shoes”. Starting his career as an artificial coordinator in the fashion industry, this is one of the works that won the Best in Show award at the 2012 Society of American Mosaic Artists.

Secret Mosaic Staircase

One hundred sixty-three steps to the top of the mosaic. Artwork created by Irish ceramist Aileen Barr, this creation requires 300 workers about two and a half years. It takes 2,000 hand-produced tiles and 75,000 mirror fragments, stained glass and tiles to complete the sea-to-sky design, which combines the names of more than 220 sponsors.

Winters Beauty

This artwork looks more like a painting than a mosaic. But Laura Rendlen did not put not a few pieces of stone, shell, glass, and gems together to make Winters Beauty. And thanks to his hard work, he saved last year’s Mosaic International Jury Choice Award.

Secret Between You and Me

We have to write “Truly Extraordinary” mosaic artwork arranged at made by Atsuko Laskaris, this art is named ‘Secret between you and me.’ Laskaris Born in Japan and now working in California, Laskaris has a truly stunning and intricate detailed mosaic portfolio.

Autumn Landscape

Sandra Bryant uses small pieces of glass to make the most complicated mosaic works. Initially beginning to appear in oil paintings, Bryant moved to mosaic art when he married her husband Carl to the point that they created it together. This duo prioritizes itself in contemporary mosaic art, making glass and ceramic tile designs for use inside and outside the home. Sandra Bryant made this landscape glass mosaic in 2006.